Adults who oversee the physical activities of children must prevent them from doing sport in hazardous environmental conditions or risk
Benefits of sport
When playing sport, our children have fun and also inadvertently health improvement and learn a lot of useful attitudes and values for life:
- Sport teaches us to accept the rules, to value the fellowship, to integrate and to take responsibility.
- Decreases aggressive tendencies.
- Improves academic performance.
- Improves cardiovascular health and prevent many diseases.
- Reduces anxiety and depression, and increases self-esteem.
Is there a special diet for young athletes?
The diet of an athlete child is like any other, ie, a varied and balanced diet. Only the caloric intake (eat a little) to compensate for the extra expense increase.
It should give appropriate nutrition information since childhood. It is recommended that the child takes part in choosing their food. To this should be facilitated the acquisition of appropriate eating habits by the family, school, and coaches. Better if this is done long before adolescence, when improving eating habits is much more feasible.
Extra contributions of vitamins or iron are needed?
We must give a balanced and varied diet. If done well, no need extra contributions. A well-nourished athlete has no risk of iron deficiency. Therefore, it should not supplement with iron, either before or during sports training.
What precautions should have when it is hot and there is a danger of “heat stroke”?
Heatstroke occurs when intense physical activity is done with high temperatures. The body loses water by sweating to a point where you can not regulate the temperature starts to rise up to produce hyperthermia. vomiting, malaise, headache occur; is a medical emergency life-threatening.
For prevention, it is important:
- Reduce physical activity or change depending on environmental conditions.
- Proper hydration: Drink 250 ml (one glass) of cold water fifteen minutes before the competition. Keep drinking small amounts (100-300 ml) of fluid during exercise, every 20-30 minutes, even if not thirsty.
drink whenever thirsty, especially if overweight or high temperature and keep drinking when thirsty pass.
anticipatory conditioning. It is available with prior training. Practically, we would advise to an untrained aerobic exercise at least 30 minutes 4 days a week teenager. This achieves cardiovascular conditioning and the body is better prepared for physical activity.
- Gradual increase (acclimatization) to physical exertion. It is gradually achieved for 8-10 days before making major exercises with high temperatures. Thus “acclimatize” the body heat conditions.
- Choice of rehydrating liquid: Water to 12-13 ° C seems to be the ideal drink restitution. There is no scientific evidence to think that it takes Electrolytic contributions or glucose (commercial drinks) for rehydration of the athlete.
- Appropriate clothing: should be light.
- Adults who oversee physical activities children should avoid activity in environmental unsafe or dangerous, especially in young children and overweight children.
Can you prevent stress linked to sport?
In competitive sports competition linked to stress originates, but it should not be excessive. In addition, the child will need to provide mechanisms to combat it:
- The sports program must set the appropriate level of competence for each child, avoiding stress by inequality (age, height, weight, etc.). Measures should be taken to reduce these imbalances. You can also provide the kid with the best electric scooter for kids.
- Suggest parents and coaches behaviors appropriate for these, with their behavior, not increase the stress of the child. It is essential to understand that training to participate in organized sports should be determined individually according to the wishes of the child (not the parents).
- In structured sports programs must prioritize the goal of participation and enjoyment compared to the competition and the desire to win.
If a child has a disability, can they play sport?
Yes, it is advisable within the possibilities of the child to participate in activities with other colleagues at the school level. If the disability prevents it, you try to make multisport activity adapted to their conditions.
If a child has asthma, you can do physical activity? Under what conditions?
If asthma is controlled, physical activity will improve your quality of life and decrease the severity of the crisis.
- You should consult with your pediatrician if you have to be administered before any exercise of inhaled medications commonly used.
- You should make a gradual warming.
- In winter, it is very important to inhale the air through the nose or through protection (scarf, “pants” …) and avoid physical activity if you have a respiratory infection.
- Children with allergies to pollens may have to avoid physical activity outdoors during the day with high concentrations of environmental pollen.